GK & CA
Collection of weekly GK & CA since year 2016.
CAC adopts Codex standards for three spices
The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) has adopted three Codex standards for black, white and green pepper, cumin and thyme. It is for first time pepper, cumin and thyme, spices will have such universal standards.
Nobel Prize- The most prestigious award
Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes in 1895.The prize ceremonies take place in Stockholm, Sweden, prize worth US$920,000.
Nawaz Sharif disqualified as PM
Nawaz Sharif disqualified as Prime Mister of Pakistan in a case related to Panama paper leak. A report by the Supreme Court-established Joint Investigation Team led to Sharif’s ouster.
King, Masse win with world records
The World Championships came alive on Tuesday as Lilly King of the United States won the women’s 100 metres breaststroke title in one of 3 world record swims at the end of a breathtaking evening session.
U.K. to ban diesel, petrol cars (2040)
New diesel and petrol cars will be banned by 2040, as part of a package of measures designed to improve air quality in Britain, and meet tough EU rules on emissions, particularly around nitrogen dioxide emissions.
Subhash Chandra Garg
Subhash Chandra Garg, the secretary of Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), has been appointed as India’s Alternate Governor on the Board of Governors of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila.
Islands Development Agency (IDA) 1st meeting
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh chaired the 1st meeting of the newly constituted Islands Development Agency (IDA) on July 24, 2017.After detailed consultations, ten islands.
United Nations has selected Dubai as data hub
The United Nations (UN) has selected Dubai as the data hub for the Middle East North Africa and South Asia (MENASA) region for the city’s integrated initiatives to mine and manage its data.
Bolivia: Total independence from IMF & World Bank
Evo Morales, the President of Bolivia, has recently declared his government’s full independence from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank, after announcing last year that Bolivia will no longer respond to their demands.
NASA jets for first time will chase solar eclipse
Moon's interior may contain water, say researchers
Brown University in the US discovered rich amounts of indigenous water within the volcanic deposits or within layers of rocks spread.
Bengaluru firm eyes to land 1st private spacecraft on moon
Step away from building the flight model that will be flown onboard a PSLV from Sriharikota.Guided 24 retired Isro scientists.
Iran, Iraq ink pact on military cooperation
Iran and Iraq signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to step up military cooperation and the fight against terrorism & extremism.Moreover Iran is going to continue to provide full support to establish sustainable security and stability.
World’s first wind farm being built off Scotland coast
The world’s first full—scale floating wind farm is being built off the coast of Scotland in the North Sea. The wind farm, known as Hywind is a trial project which aims to bring power to 20,000 homes.
Human antibodies produced in lab for first time
Scientists for the first time have produced human antibodies in the laboratory. They have developed revolutionary technique which can help in rapid development of new vaccines to treat a wide range of infectious diseases.
Government approves first housing project on private land
The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Development has approved construction of 30,000 affordable houses in Maharashtra’s Sholapur district for the urban poor on private land under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban).
Reliance Defence launches 1st two Navy ships Shachi & Shruti
July 26: 18th Kargil Vijay Diwas
Former freedom fighter K.E. Mammen
K.E. Mammen was a staunch believer of Gandhian principles and led an austere life. From an early age, he had lent his support for the freedom struggle. He became active in the freedom movement as a college student.
July 23: National Broadcasting Day (NBD)
On this day, in 1927, the radio broadcasting was started in India. The first ever radio broadcast in India went on air from the Bombay Station on July 23, 1927 under a private company, the Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC).
IOC is India’s 1st petroleum R&D facility
Indian Oil Corp (IOC) is India’s first petroleum R&D facility for testing high-end BS-VI quality fuel emissions in Faridabad in the National Capital Region.Designed to test all types of fuel.
Renowned academic Professor Yash Pal
Contributed to the study of cosmic rays, as well as for being an institution-builder. He was also one of the leading science communicators in India. 1st Director of the newly set up Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, in 1973.
USS Gerald R Ford: World’s largest aircraft
The United States Navy officially inducted USS Gerald R Ford,world’s largest nuclear-powered aircraft carrier.
H S Prannoy wins US Open Grand Prix Gold badminton title
It was his 3rd grand prix gold title of badminton.
Spanish scientists discover novobiocin as anti-Zika drug
The novobiocin molecule was previously used in antibiotic drug to fend off “nosocomial” infections.It has shown phenomenal recovery results in mice with 100 percent cure rate.
Former ISRO Chairman U R Rao
Prof Rao played an instrumental role in building up Indian satellite programmes right from nation’s 1st satellite Aryabhatta.He was also responsible for successful launch of INSAT satellites during his stint at ISRO.
Arunachal Pradesh-India’s 1st secretariat under wireless
The Arunachal Pradesh State Civil Secretariat has become the India’s first secretariat to be fully under wireless coverage enabling end-to-end wireless connectivity.
Castor plant reduce soil pollution-University of Hyderabad
Plant can absorb toxic heavy metals from soil from these polluted areas due to industrial pollution.
India to host 2017 Global Conference on Cyber Space
The world’s largest conference on cyber space and related issues in New Delhi in November 2017.This is for the first time GCCS is taking place outside Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations.
England wins 2017 ICC Women’s World Cup
England’s women’s cricket team won 2017 ICC World Cup title by defeating India by 9 runs at Lord’s Cricket Ground in London. It was England’s fourth Women’s World Cup title.
Burj Khalifa - 828 m
The tallest structure in the world.
Roger Federer & Garbiñe Muguruza
The 2017 Wimbledon Championships - Roger Federer (Swiss) won Gentlemen's Singles title for a record eighth time; Garbiñe Muguruza ( Spanish-Venezuelan) won the Ladies' Singles title.
Karamjyoti Dala wins bronze medal at World Para Athletics
India’s Karamjyoti Dalal has won bronze medal at the World Para Athletics Championships 2017 in the discus-throw. In the women’s F55 category of discus-throw, she managed a throw of 19.02 m.
Climate change projects-Rajasthan, Gujarat and Sikkim
The three projects approved by the National Steering Committee on Climate Change (NSCCC), under the Chairmanship of Secretary MoEF&CCm; Ajay Narayan Jha, will receive funds under the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC).
LK Advani : Lifetime Achievement (LTA) award
LK Advani has received the for Contributions as a parliamentarian in the Lok Sabha (LS). JD(U) leader Sharad Yadav got the Lifetime Achievement Award as a Rajya Sabha MP. The award was given by the Vice President Hamid Ansari.
Union Govt clears 3 export infrastructure plans under TIES
Union Govt for the 1st time has given approval three infrastructure proposals.The scheme replaces Assistance to States for creating Infrastructure for the Development & growth of Exports.
Ram Nath Kovind : 14th President of India
Ram Nath Kovind is an Indian politician and the President-elect of India. He served as the Governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and was a Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha from 1994 to 2006. He was a leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
India’s first high-speed rail training centre
The center will provide advanced training modules on cutting edge technologies. The construction will begin shortly after the foundation-laying ceremony is held in September 2017. It also has a sample bullet train track for testing.
I H Manudev - 1st-ever National Masters snooker tournament
I H Manudev has won the first National Masters snooker tournament title by defeating Alok Kumar, a former national men’s champion, in the final
Mirzakhani- 1st woman,iranian to win coveted Fields Medal
Mirzakhani was the first woman and the first Iranian to win the coveted Fields Medal in 2014, the most prestigious award in mathematics. The award recognized her sophisticated and highly original contributions to the fields of geometry etc.
July 18 : Nelson Mandela International Day
Nelson Mandela, the former South African President & Nobel Peace Prize winner,for his tireless struggle against apartheid.He was South Africa’s 1st black president, who spent 27 years in 3 different prisons & was an anti-Apartheid icon.
Matunga railway station:1st station to run by all women
It is a railway station on the Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network.Station manager Mamta Kulkarni-1st female station master in Central Railway’s Mumbai division.
July 17 : International Justice (WDIJ)
Promote international criminal justice & focus on human rights.This is a day to reflect upon the victims of genocide,crimes against humanity,war crimes & to celebrate,international community’s continued efforts to create peaceful world.
Odisha longest bridge“Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Setu”
Naveen Patnaik, the Chief Minister of Odisha, has recently dedicated the state’s longest road bridge “Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Setu” to the nation. The 2.88 km bridge is built on river Kathajodi (a tributary of Mahanadi).
The Right of Children to Free & Compulsory Education
The Lok Sabha has passed The Right of Children to Free & Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017.The RTE Act, 2009 envisages free and compulsory elementary education to every child in the age group of 6-14 years.
GSI discovers precious metals and minerals in Indian waters
Scientists from the Geological Survey of India (GSI) have discovered the presence of millions of tonnes of precious metals and minerals deep under the waters within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of peninsular India.
Scientists develop super-flexible and strong artificial silk
Scientists from the University of Cambridge have developed super-stretchy and strong artificial (synthetic) spider silk, almost entirely composed of water.It is extremely thin threads & are of few millionths of a metre in diameter.
Scientists develop 3D-printed soft silicone heart
Scientists from ETH Zurich in Switzerland have developed a 3D-printed soft silicone heart that closely resembles & functions like the human organ. It can help to save lives of people who suffer from cardiac failure.
Tata Motors unveils India’s first Bio-CNG bus
India’s largest Commercial Vehicles manufacturer Tata Motors has unveiled country’s 1st Bio-CNG (bio-methane) bus.The bus was rolled out at the Urja Utsav, bio-energy programme,organised by the Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.
UK’s 1st woman MP Preet elected to Home Affairs Committee
Britain’s 1st woman Sikh MP Preet Kaur Gill was elected to Home Affairs Select Committee in the UK Parliament. She will be one of 11 MPs on the cross-party home affairs committee.Committee examines the workings of the Home Office.
US Navy tests world’s first Laser Weapons System
United States Navy successfully tested the world’s 1st-ever active Laser Weapons System. In the test,LaWS deployed aboard the USS Ponce amphibious transport ship was able to destroy a drone in flight & moving targets on the Persian Gulf.
Indian Navy’s second LCU Mark IV L52 ship launched by GRSE
Indian Navy’s second LCU (landing craft utility) Mark IV L52 ship built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited, Kolkata, was formally launched in Kolkata, West Bengal.Ensure maritime security of Andamans & Lakshadweep islands.
Astrosat,Chandra & Hubble jointly detect cosmic explosion
India’s 1st dedicated space observatory AstroSat along with other space and earth-based observatories have detected massive coronal explosion on Proxima Centauri (group of stars),sun’s closest star neighbour.
Indian Army inks MoU with DRDO to raise MRSAM defence system
The Indian Army has signed MoU with Defence Research & Development Organisation to raise 1 regiment of the advanced Medium Range Surface to Air Missiles defence system.MRSAM is an advanced, all weather,mobile, land-based air defence system.
UIDAI launches mAadhaar app for Aadhaar data on phone
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has launched ‘mAadhaar’, a new mobile application for syncing Aadhaar data on mobile phones. The app allows users to carry their unique Aadhaar information on their smartphones.
'World's oldest emoji' found in Turkey
A team of Turkish & Italian archeologists found smiley face emoji, it was found close to World Emoji Day(July 17).
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)
IBBI is the regulator for overseeing insolvency proceedings of service providers like Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPA), Insolvency Professionals (IP) and Information Utilities (IU) in India.It was given statutory powers.
Harinder Pal Sandhu wins Victorian Open squash tournament
India’s Harinder Pal Sandhu (28) won the Victorian Open squash tournament held in Melbourne, Australia.It was Sandhu’s ninth title at the PSA level and the fourth of this season after winning two in Malaysia.
Raipur Airport ranked first in CSI Survey
Raipur’s Swami Vivekananda Airport was ranked 1st in Customer Satisfaction Index(CSI) Survey among 49 airports in the country.4.84 score on a 5 point scale index.CSI is one of the key performance objectives of Airport Authority of India.
World's smallest reptile - Size of an ant
A San Diego State biologist identify one of the world’s smallest reptiles a leaf chameleon.
July 10: 140 years of St John Ambulance
The volunteers of St John Ambulance have helped millions of people deliver 1st aid since it was established on 10 July 1877,more than 70 years before the NHS.On its 140th anniversary.
A mummy gets a new life, sans oxygen
Princess Naishu’s mummy at the State Museum in Hyderabad just got a longer lease of life,after it was moved to a new oxygen-free glass housing. Custom-made by a German firm at cost of ₹58 lakh,case has a nitrogen generator & pH monitor.
India’s first solar powered DEMU train launched
Indian Railways has launched India’s first solar powered diesel multiple unit (DEMU) broad gauge train. It is 1600 Horse Power train with all solar powered coaches.Train will run from Sarai Rohilla in Delhi to Farukh Nagar in Haryana.
World’s first saola breeding
The world’s 1st centre for breeding Saola, a critically endangered hoofed mammal, will be constructed at Bach Ma National Park in Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam.Selected by IUCN for the construction of the world’s 1st saola breeding.
Mangesh Tendulkar, the renowned cartoonist
His cartoons especially about government offices and on traffic rules were famous. He was conferred with the president’s medal in 1980, Marathi Natya Parishad Award in 1993 & Pulotsav award in 2003 among several other honours.
India topped-1st time in Asian Athletics Championships
India clinched five gold,1 silver & 3 bronze.With that, India ended the championships on top with a haul of 29 medals which included 12 gold, 5 silver and 12 bronze. Earlier, India’s best came way back in the 1985 with 22 medals.
Srinivas Gokulnath-1st Indian to finish toughest cycle race
Srinivas Gokulnath has the 1st Indian to complete the 4,900 kilometre Race Across America (RAAM) in solo category, which is the toughest cycle race in the world.He completed the race in eleven days, 18 hrs & 45 min, begin from California.
Guruswamy Jayraman- “Order of Australia”
Guruswamy Jayraman, a 69-year-old Indian-origin Glenwood resident, has been honoured with the highest civilian award “Order of Australia” in Australia for community work, the highest civilian award in Australia.
Indian scientists claim discovery of galaxy ‘Saraswati’
For the 1st time in the country, a team of Indian scientists has claimed to have discovered an extremely large supercluster of galaxies,Saraswati in the universe.It is a very high concentration of galaxies in the universe & very rare.
Apple's first data centre in China to comply with cyber law
US tech giant Apple today announced that it is setting up its first data centre in China, becoming the first company to comply with a new strict law that requires foreign firms to store Chinese users' information within the country.
Twenty-five giant radio galaxies found
Scientists has discovered the presence of a large number of what are known as giant radio galaxies (GRGs) across the universe. Its big enough to hold 33 copies of the Milky Way placed next to each other.200 new GRG candidates fond.
EBLM J0555-57Ab - Smallest-known star in the universe
Scientists have discovered the smallest-known star in the universe slightly larger than Saturn in size which may possibly have Earth-sized planets with liquid water in its orbit.Star located about 600 light years away.
DIPP to set up India’s first TISC in Punjab
The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion will establish India’s 1st Technology and Innovation Support Center (TISC) at Patent Information Centre, Punjab.TISC will be set up under the World Intellectual Property Organization’s.
Government sets up new wing to provide intelligence inputs
The Union Government has set up Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management (DGARM), a new wing to provide intelligence inputs taking action against tax evaders.Set up will be under the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC).
Liu Xiaobo: The man China couldn't erase
China’s most famous political prisoner, the Nobel laureate and democracy icon Liu Xiaobo passed away.Liu was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China.
Ahmedabad designated as India’s 1st World Heritage City
The 600-year-old Walled City of Ahmedabad was declared World Heritage City by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO after it met in Karlow, Poland. It is 1st Indian city get the honour.Presents-architectural heritage from sultanate period.
India to import crude oil from US for first time
India,the world’s 3rd-largest oil importer,for the 1st time will import crude oil from the United States.The purchase comes after PM Narendra Modi’s visit to the US in June 2017.Indian Oil Corp has bought 1.6 m barrels of US Mars crude.
Karnataka Govt - Study legalities Separate State flag
Karnataka Government has constituted a nine-member committee to study the possibility of designing a separate state flag and providing it a statutory standing.It will be headed by Principal Secretary, Department of Kannada and Culture.
NGT bans nylon, synthetic manja
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has imposed nationwide blanket ban on the use of kite strings (manja), made of nylon or any synthetic material on the grounds that it poses a threat to animals and humans.
Juno spacecraft completes Jupiter’s Great Red Spot
NASA’s unmanned spacecraft Juno has successfully peered into the Jupiter’s giant storm known as the Great Red Spot. It became first space probe to complete flyby of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot.
International Rice Research Institute in Varanasi
The Union Cabinet has approved establishment of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) set up a regional centre, a global rice research institute.It is also the largest non-profit agricultural research centre in Asia.
Mithali Raj-1st to score 6000 runs in women’s ODI cricket
Indian captain Mithali Raj (34) scripted history by becoming 1st player in the history of women’s ODI cricket to score more than 6000 career runs(ICC Women’s World Cup 2017).She also became all-time leading run-getter in women’s ODI.
CCEA approves SASEC Road Connectivity
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for upgradation and widening of 65 kms of Imphal-Moreh Section of NH-39 in Manipur.It will boost trade, commerce and tourism in the region.
Govt empowers Army to procure weapons for short intense wars
The Union Govt has empowered the Army to directly procure critical weapons systems & military platforms to maintain combat readiness for short duration intense wars.Vice Chief of Army has been given financial powers to procure ammunitions.
Developed S-band Doppler Weather Radar commissioned in Kochi
A state-of-the-art, indigenously developed S-band doppler weather radar (DWR) of India Meteorological Department (IMD) was commissioned at Palluruthy in West Kochi,Kerala.The S-band DWR is capable of predicting weather events.
Okinoshima Island:Japan’s island gets UNESCO heritage tag
Okinoshima Island,Japan’s men-only island was declared as UNESCO world heritage site.The island will be the 17th set of Japanese cultural assets to be granted this status & overall 21st in the list.Part of prefecture’s Munakata region.
Scientist create mini Saturns from charged liquid droplets
Scientists from Northwestern University in the United States have created miniature versions of Saturn, complete with rings, by electrifying tiny droplets of fluids.
Vaccine shows protection against gonorrhea for first time
Scientists from New Zealand - 1st time have claimed that vaccine can protect against sexually transmitted infection gonorrhoea.They have found that Men B jab vaccine originally developed to stop an outbreak of meningitis B can protect.
Minimum education qualification for cooperative body poll
Rajasthan has become the first State in the country to lay down the minimum educational qualifications for contesting elections to village cooperative societies and various other cooperative bodies.
MERIT app and e-Bidding portal
Union Minister of State for Power,Coal,New & Renewable Energy & Mines, Piyush Goyal has launched the MERIT app (Merit Order Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency) & e-bidding portal for offering.
El Nino (Flood)
El-Nino is a weather phenomenon, during which temperature at sea surface is warmer than normal sea-surface temperatures. El Nino is a warming of the Pacific Ocean between South America and the Date Line.
UDAY covers 97% of discom debt: Centre
The Union Ministry of Power has announced that about 97% of the total outstanding debt of all state power distribution companies (discoms) has been covered under the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY).
Mahesh Bhagwat conferred 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP)
Mahesh Muralidhar Bhagwat, IPS officer from Telangana was conferred with the 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report Heroes Award by the Unites States Department of State. He is third IPS officer to get this honour.
The computer mouse as we know it today was invented and developed by Douglas Engelbart, with the assistance of Bill English, during the 1960's and was patented on November 17, 1970.
July 2: The World Sports Journalists Day (WSJD)
The World Sports Journalists Day is observed every year on July 2 to mark the services of sports journalists for the promotion of sports. The purpose of the day is to encouraged sports journalists to strive for excellence in their work
July 1: National Doctors Day (NDD)
The National Doctors’ Day (NDD) is celebrated every year in India on July 1 to honour the legendary physician and the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy.
Jehan - First Indian to win in the FIA Formula 3 EC
Jehan Daruvala of Sahara Force India Academy has become the 1st Indian driver to win in the FIA Formula 3 European Championship..Jehan’s victory in race 3 comes 18 years after Narain Karthikeyan won in the British F3 Championship.
June 3: International Plastic Bag Free Day (IPBFD)
The International Plastic Bag Free Day (IPBFD) is observed every year on July 3 to highlight the need to phase-out plastic bags and to promote organic reusable bags.
Wilpattu National Park (WNP)
The Wilpattu National Park is the largest & one of the oldest National Parks in Sri Lanka.The unique feature of this park is the existence of “Willus”(Natural lakes)–sand rimmed water basins or depressions that fill with rainwater.
1918 Battle of Haifa
PM Modi visits Haifa (Israel) - final resting place for 44 of the Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives during World War I to liberate the city.