GK & CA
Collection of weekly GK & CA since year 2016.
Siachen: World’s highest battlefield, now open to tourists
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh announced that the Siachen Glacier, the world’s highest battlefield, is now open for tourists and Tourism. He made the announcement on Siachen while inaugurating newly constructed ‘Colonel Chewang Rinchen Bridge’ over Shyok River in Eastern Ladakh.
India’s highest bridge inaugurated
India’s Nex-Gen Hypersonic Missiles: DRDO
The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) begins manufacturing of hypersonic missiles. These missiles are five times faster than the speed of sound. DRDO is set to operate a wind tunnel to test and fine tune the technology.
World’s oldest pearl discovered on Abu Dhabi Island
Stable form of Plutonium discovered accidentally
Scientists led by Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf have found new compound of Plutonium unexpectedly in France. The team was actually trying to create plutonium dioxide nano particles using different precursors. In the process, the plutonium at its pentavalent state showed a peculiar behavior.
Ozone Hole: Smallest on record
World’s largest Face Recognition system to track criminals
GoI has asked the IT companies across the world to send proposals to NCRB to install world’s largest facial recognition system. The winner of the bids will create National Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS). The step is an effort towards information gathering, police force modernization, criminal identification and verification.
Indian Railways:most advanced Electronic Interlocking System
Indian Railways has installed the most advanced Electronic Interlocking System on the Grand Chord route, one of the busiest section of railways. This most advanced and safer Electronic Interlocking System was installed at Tundla Junction in Uttar Pradesh by railways as part of upgradation process.
Important days of this week (Oct 20 - Oct 26)
October 25: India to celebrate Ayurveda Day
October 24: UN Day entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945
October 21: Police Commemoration Day
October 20: World Osteoporosis Day
Praveen Kumar wins Gold in Wushu World Championship
1st national protocol count India’s Snow Leopard
On the occasion of International Snow Leopard Day (Oct 23), Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched the first national protocol to enumerate the population of this elusive and endangered species of snow leopard in India.
China: huge Observatory to probe origins of Cosmic Rays
‘Tamanna’ aptitude test for Class 9, 10 students
CBSE and NCERT have launched an online aptitude test dubbed as ‘Tamanna’ (Try And Measure Aptitude And Natural Abilities) in a bid to help students make right career choices. Here is no pass or fail in this test as Tamanna only provides information about the weaknesses and strengths of students.
Indians no longer require Visa to visit Brazil
Indian tourists will be now be exempted from visas to enter Brazil for tourism or business purposes. The exemption is also available for Chinese tourists. Both India and China are part of BRICS, an association of 5 major emerging national economies. Other three are Brazil, Russia and South Africa.
Air India: 1st airline in world to use Taxibot
(Oct 13 - Oct 19) Important days of this week
October 9-15: National Postal Week 2019 celebrated
October 13: International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
October 16: World Food Day
October 17: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
Nobel Peace Prize – 2019
Indian-American Abhijit Banerjee, his wife Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer jointly won the 2019 Nobel Economics Prize "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty."
The 100th Nobel Prize for peace has been awarded to the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abhiy Ahmed Ali for his efforts towards peace and international cooperation.
Leonel Messi wins 6th Golden Shoe award
World Students Day on Sir Kalam’s birthday
UAE 1st graduate-level research-based AI university in world
The university Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence after Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of UAE Armed Forces. He has for long advocated for UAE’s development of human capital via knowledge &scientific thinking to take the nation into future. Masdar City.
India Bangladesh old rail links of 1965 prewar reopened
The Bangladesh PM Sheik Hasina announced that India Bangladesh rail links that were closed after 1965 war will be reopened. The announcement was made at the inaugural function of the first intercity train between Dhaka and Kurigam.
MEV-1: 1st Satellite Servicing Spacecraft launched
The robotic Mission Extension Vehicle-1 (MEV-1) was successfully launched atop of Russian Proton rocket from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. It is first of its kind commercial satellite-servicing spacecraft. It is designed to dock with aging spacecraft more than 22,000 miles above Earth, then extend its life with aid of solar-electric thrusters.
ICON Space Weather Satellite
Deep Carbon Observatory
The Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) is a global research program to outreach carbons role on Earth. It is a community of scientists including physicists, biologists, geo – scientists and chemists working across several traditional disciplinary lines.
Dubai to host 2019 First Global DXB Challenge
A large gathering for creative young minds in the fields of robotics and artificial intelligence. It will be held for the first time in the region from 24 to 27 October 2019 at the Festival Arena in Dubai, UAE.
Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau was a Belgian engineer and cryptographer. He was one of the first person to demonstrate the illusion of a moving image. To do this, he used counter rotating disks with repeating drawn images in small increments of motion on one and regularly spaced slits in the other.
Important Days of the Week
October 5: World Teachers Day
PMJAY Wildlife Week India, 2019 (2nd Oct & 8th Oct)
RBI Monetary Policy World Space Week: 4-10 October
October 7: World Habitat Day; World Cotton Day
October 9: World Post Day
October 10: World Mental Health Day
2019 Nobel Prize: Medicine
Britain’s Peter Ratcliffe and William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of US shared the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for their work on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability. The team revealed the understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism.
2019 Nobel Prize – Physics
Swiss Scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz and Canadian – American physicist James Peebles. 1 half of the prize was won by the American for his contribution towards Theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology. The other half was shared between the Swiss scientists for their work on Discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a star similar to sun.
Nobel Prize 2019: Chemistry
John B Goodenough, M Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries. These three scientists created the right conditions for a wireless and fossil fuel-free society. Lithium ion batteries: The foundation of the lithium-ion batteries were laid by Stanley Whittingham in the 1970s, during the oil crisis.
Monsoon Mission Coupled Forecast Model
India’s new monsoon model, called the Monsoon Mission Coupled Forecast Model (CFS), has failed to forecast the excess rainfall received during August-September 2019. It was deployed by the IMD (India Meteorological Department) under National Monsoon Mission (NMM).
Researchers see individual virus formation for the 1st time
The researchers of USA captured images of formation of viruses from particles.The study was performed on single stranded RNA virus. The researchers believe that this new advancement will help to find new treatment approaches for viral diseases.
Him Vijay:Indian Armys 1st mountain combat exercise
The Indian army will begin its first ever mountain combat on October 7. The exercise is to test the mobility, coordination and communication of the troops in difficult terrain. The exercise is to be conducted in two phases.
India gets first tranche of Swiss account details
Under the new Automatic Information Exchange pact, India received its first tranche of Swiss Bank Account details. India hence is legally one among 75 countries with which the Switzerland Federal Tax Administration (SFTA) has exchanged information. The next exchange of information will take place in September 2020.
Ganga Aamantran initiative launched by Jal Shakti Minister
Ganga Aamantran is an initiative to connect stakeholders of the Ganga river. It is the first effort of National Mission for Clean Ganga. It is an open – water rafting and kayaking expedition that is to be held on the Ganges between 10th October 2019 and 11th November 2019.
MOSAIC Expedition India starts sharing maritime data
At the Goa Maritime Conclave, 2019, the National Security Advisor offered countries in the IOR use of facility to track the movement of vessels on high seas. India has a specialized center operating for the purpose called the IFC – IOR. The center acts as an information sharing hub.
20 new moons of Saturn discovered
With this Saturn has a total of 82 moons today. It is the highest of any planet in solar system. Till date Jupiter had the highest number of moons. It has 79 moons. The moons of Saturn discovered are relatively smaller moons. The discovery was made at the Subaru telescope set up atop Hawaii’s Mauna Kea volcano.
New Antibiotic discovered in Mexican forests
The properties of newly discovered antibiotic have specific application in agriculture greatly. It is a soil bacterium and is known as “phazolicin”. This compound was unknown previously and was recently isolated in the tropical rain forests of Mexico.
September 26: International Day for Total Elimination of nuclear weapons
September 27: Google celebrates its 21st birthday
September 28: World Rabies Day
October 1: 94th Raising Day of MNS celebrated
October 2: International Day of Non – Violence
India lift SAFF U-18 Championship title for first time
India won the SAFF Under-18 football Championship by defeating Bangladesh by 2-1 in final held in Kathmandu, Nepal. This is India’s maiden SAFF U-18 trophy. ContentsKey HighlightsSAFF U-18 Championship Key Highlights Background: In 2015 football tournament India remained runners up and in 2017 India finished 3rd.
M P Birla Memorial Award
Minor Planet named after Pandit Jasraj
China launches its first Amphibious Assault Ship
China has launched its first amphibious assault ship in Shanghai. This ship would enable ground forces to carry out attacks on enemy territory from sea. It is independently developed by China and has a strong capacity in amphibious operations as well as performing a variety of tasks.
Herbert David Kleber
National Nutrition Survey
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare organized first National Nutrition Survey.With help from UNICEF to complete the survey. The survey was conducted between 2016 and 2018. In India, for the 1st time the ministry measured malnutrition that included micro nutrient deficiencies. It was done by collecting urine samples and blood samples.
US military test fires Minuteman III ballistic missile
After North Korea tested a ballistic missile from the coast of Wonsan, US tested an unarmed Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile. The missile. The missile was launched from the California base. The missile traveled 6,750 km across Pacific Ocean to the Kwajalein Atoll in Marshall Islands.
Sachin Tendulkar: effective Swachhata ambassador award
At the Safaigiri 2019 organized by the India Today group, the Cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar was awarded “The most effective Swachhata Ambassador”. The former Indian Cricketer was chosen as he utilized his fame and popularity to ensure India achieved its goal of Swachh Bharat.