GK & CA
Collection of weekly GK & CA since year 2016.
China: Research Project to Compile Data on Disputed Region
China has launched a research project aimed at compiling historical data obtained during earlier expeditions conducted by its teams to the disputed South China Sea since the late 1950s.
Subscriber Identity Module - SIM
SIM is integrated circuit that is intended to securely store the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) number & its related key, which are used to identify and authenticate subscribers on mobile telephony devices.
Valmiki National Park (VNP)
The Valmiki National Park (VNP) is located in the West Champaran district of Bihar. It is home to tiger, Rhinoceros, Black bear, Leopard, Wild dog, wild buffalo, wild boar etc. At present 241 bird species have been reported in the forest.
Ministry of Environment Award in Japan
Indian agricultural microbiologist Dr. Shrihari Chandraghatgi, the President, has been conferred with the 2017 Ministry of Environment Award in Japan for developing cutting edge technologies to address burning environmental problems.
Free Education For Girls From Nursery To PhD
The Captain Amarinder Singh-led government in Punjab has announced free education for girls in government schools and colleges from Nursery to PhD. According to the census of India 2011, the literacy rate in Punjab is 75.84%.
World’s first ever data embassy
The world’s first-ever data embassy will be established by the Estonian government in Luxembourg in 2018. Its establishment is part of the Estonian general strategy of data management & fundamentally a double guarantee to their data.
First PM's yoga award
Pune's Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute has become the first recipient of the Prime Minister's award for outstanding contribution for promotion and development of yoga 2017.
1st time scientists create 'Liquid Light'
The extraordinary observation in the work is that the scientists have demonstrated that superfluidity can also occur at room-temperature, under ambient conditions, using light-matter particles called polaritons.
Prof Predhiman Krishan Kaw (69), an internationally recognised plasma physicist and pioneer of thermo-nuclear fusion in India, He was the founder director of the Institute of Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar.
Interesting fact of India: Kumbh Mela
The 2011 Kumbh Mela was the largest gathering of people with over 75 million pilgrims. The gathering was so huge that the crowd was visible from space.
First-ever BRICS Games 2017
The first-ever BRICS Games has started at the Guangzhou Baiyun International Convention Center in Guangzhou, China on June 17, 2017. It featured some 300 athletes from five countries- Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa.
Shuttler Kidambi Srikanth
Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth has become the first Indian men’s singles player to win the Indonesia Open Super Series men’s singles tournament by defeating Kazumasa Sakai of Japan in the final at Jakarta by 21-11, 21-19.
John Avildsen, the renowned film director
John G. Avildsen (81), the Oscar-winning director of Rocky and The Karate Kid, has passed away in California, United States. Other films he directed include Joe, Save the Tiger, Fore Play, The Formula, Neighbors, For Keeps, Lean on Me.
June 20:The World Refugee Day
The World Refugee Day (WRD) is observed every year on June 20 to honor the courage, strength and determination of women, men and children who are forced to flee their homeland under threat of persecution, conflict and violence.
Taj Mahal Palace Hotel acquires ‘Image Trademark'
Mumbai’s Taj Mahal Palace hotel has acquired an ‘image trademark‘ under the Trademark Act of 1999, making it is the first building in the country to acquire intellectual property rights protection for its architectural design.
ISRO to launch Earth Observation Satellite
Indian Space Research Organisation is all set to launch earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 series weighing 712 kg and 30 nano-satellites using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle. 29 will be of foreign origin and 1 will be of India’s.
First Indigenously built Floating Dock Launched by L&T
Larsen & Toubro has launched the first indigenously built Floating Dock (FDN-2) to repair Indian Navy ships at its Shipyard at Kattupalli, north of Chennai. Its used for repairing assets of the Indian Navy and also of other services.
World’s First Train that runs on Virtual Tracks
China has unveiled world’s first train that runs on a virtual track making use of sensor technology instead of metal rails. The new trains are non-polluting as they are battery powered.
June 21: International Yoga Day
June 21st is annually celebrated as International Yoga Day since the year 2015.This year, the 3rd International Day of Yoga is being observed. The purpose of the yoga day is to promote yoga and make it as a part of people’s daily routine.
NASA’s Kepler Telescope finds 10 Earth-Like Planets
NASA’s Kepler Telescope has identified 10 Earth-like planets outside the solar system that are expected to host life due to their right size and temperature. This finding is a boost in the hope for life elsewhere.
Lockheed and Tata sign Pact to make F-16 Planes in India
Lockheed Martin and India’s Tata Advanced Systems have signed a pact to produce F-16 fighter planes in India. The 2 companies have announced their agreement at the Paris Airshow.
ISRO’s MOM completes 1000 Earth Days in Orbit
ISRO’s Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) completes 1000 earth days in orbit. The MOM has at present completed 388 orbits of Mars & has sent 715 images back to earth. India has plans to send Mangalyaan 2.0 and a new mission to Venus after 2020.
K Srikanth wins Indonesian Open
India’s Kidambi Srikanth has lifted the Indonesia Open Super Series badminton title at Jakarta by defeating Japan’s Kazumasa Sakai in straight sets 21-11, 21-19. For Srikanth who is currently World No. 22 this is a big title win.
Ana Brnabic: first female prime minister of Serbia
Ana Brnabic, a graduate of the University of Hull in England, will become the first gay and first female prime minister of Serbia, following her nomination by the nation’s president, Aleksandar Vucic.
Kerala’s first-ever beauty contest for transgenders
Syama Sanju has won the Kerala’s first-ever beauty contest for transgenders “Queen of Dhwayah-2017”,which was held at CIAL Convention Centre in Nedumbassery, Kerala.Its organized by Dhwayah Arts & Cultural Society.
Helmut Kohl father of German unification
He was responsible for unifying Germany after the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall despite facing stiff resistance from Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev.He served as the chancellor of West Germany in 1982.
Automatic Information Sharing with Switzerland from 2019
Switzerland has ratified automatic exchange of financial account information with India and 40 other countries. This will facilitate Switzerland to share information about suspected black money with India and other 40 nations.
Australia’s Vivid Sydney enters Guinness World Records
The World’s largest festival of light,music &ideas;,Vivid Sydney has entered into Guinness World Book of Records. Its given Vivid Sydney installation Dreamscape the title for the‘Largest interactive lighting display’.
India-Afghanistan Air freight Corridor to Open Up Soon
India and Afghanistan are set to operationalize their first air-freight corridor in the coming days. The first flight will be operated by Ariana Afghan Airlines, which is the Afghanistan’s national carrier.
June 17: World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
Its a promote public awareness to combat desertification. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had designated June 17 as the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought in 1994.
World’s smallest and cheapest private jet.
Cirrus Aircraft, the US-based aviation company, has launched the world’s smallest and cheapest 1st private jet ‘Vision Jet’ at Rs.12.6 Crore.The Jet can haul five adults up to 1,150 miles at 28,000 feet.
2017 Little Miss Universe Internet beauty contest.
Padmalaya Nanda (12) from India has created history by becoming the youngest girl to bag the “Little Miss Universe Internet 2017”, crowns at the Little Miss Universe 2017 beauty contest at port city of Batumi in Georgia, United States.
June 14: World Blood Donor Day.
Give Blood. Give Now. Give often. Is theme of the 2017 WBDD. The World Blood Donor Day (WBDD) is observed every year on June 14 to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products.
Verizon Completes Yahoo Acquisition
Telecom giant Verizon has acquired Yahoo’s core business for $4.48bn (£3.51m), thus ending Yahoo’s two-decade long run as an independent company. Verizon is the No.1 wireless operator in the US.
Interesting fact of India : A floating post office
India has the largest postal network in the world with over 1, 55,015 post offices. A single post office on an average serves a population of 7,175 people. The floating post office in Dal Lake, Srinagar, was inaugurated in August 2011.
DRDO Successfully Test-fires anti-Tank Nag Missile
The Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test fired anti-tank ‘Nag’ missile in Rajasthan. The test was conducted by Scientists of the Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Missile Complex at Hyderabad.
Haryana's (ODF) village to be named after Donald Trump
Sulabh believes the move will help draw the attention of the world towards India's cleanliness campaign. We urge the global community to help us realise the goal of sanitation in India, Sulabh's founder said.
India’ first canal top solar PV system
NTPC has commissioned a150 KW India’s first canal top solar PV System on Cooling Water (CW) channel at its 2320 MW Mouda Thermal Power Project, near Nagpur in Maharashtra.
Uttar Pradesh ranks First in Number of Child Labourers
According to a recently released CRY Report on child labour, more than 8 lakh children between the age group of 5 and 6 years in India are engaged in child labour. The organization got established in 1979 by Rippan Kapur.
First Indian woman to be elected as judge of ITLOS
Dr. Neeru Chadha has become the 1st Indian woman to be elected as the judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS). She become the first Indian woman to occupy a top UN position, after Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit.
ISSF World Cup: Jitu Rai-Heena Sidhu Clinch Gold Medal
Indian shooters Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu have clinched the gold medal in mixed team 10m air pistol event of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) World Cup held at Gabala, Azerbaijan.
Lewis Hamilton wins Canadian Grand Prix for Sixth Time
Lewis Hamilton has won Canadian Grand Prix at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, Canada. It is Hamilton’s 6th victory at the Canadian Grand Prix. It is also his 3rd victory this season & the 56th of his career.
Bihar’s ‘Project Jal Sanchay’- National Award
Its a water conservation model which is successfully adopted in Nalanda district of south-central Bihar, has been chosen for the national award for excellence in the Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee programme (MGNREGP).
Jnanpith Awardee C Narayana Reddy Passes Away
Cinare - He won Sahitya Akademi Award in Telugu in 1973 for his poetry collection Mantalu Manavudu, the Jnanpith Award in 1988 and was conferred with the Sahitya Akademi fellowship in 2014.
June 12: World Day Against Child Labour
It focus attention on the global extent of child labour. Needed to eliminate it.2017 theme is “In conflicts & disasters,protect children from child labour” it focuses on the impact of conflicts & disasters on child labour.
Rafael Nadal Wins his 10th French Open Title
This will be his 15 major title win.With this victory,Rafael Nadal has become the 1st man or woman in the Open era to clinch a Grand Slam tournament 10 times.2nd place above Pete Sampras on the list of all-time Grand Slam winners.
India moves WTO against US
India has moved the World Trade Organisation (WTO) against the US as it has not yet complied with the rulings of the WTO pertaining to imposition of high import duty on certain Indian steel products.
Vikram Limaye NSE Chief
SEBI has granted conditional approval for the appointment of Vikram Limaye as the MD and CEO of the NSE. In February 2017, Limaye who is MD and CEO of infrastructure financing company IDFC was selected for the post of NSE chief.
France’s highest civilian award “Legion of Honour”
Veteran Bengali actor Soumitra Chatterjee has been selected for France’s highest civilian award “Legion of Honour” for his outstanding contribution to cinema & theater. With this, She become the 1st Bengali actor.
French Open: Jelena Ostapenko wins Women’s Crown
Unseeded Jelena Ostapenko of Latvia has won the 2017 French Open Women’s Singles crown.This will be Ostapenko’s 1st ever Grand Slam title. 1st unseeded woman to win the French Open after Britain’s Margaret Scriven’s feat in 1933.
June 8: World Oceans Day
At the first world Oceans Day in 1992, the objectives were to move the oceans from the sidelines to the centre of the intergovernmental and NGO discussions and policy and to strengthen the voice of ocean & coastal constituencies world wide.
Special Recognition Award for Global Tobacco Control
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda has been conferred the WHO Director-General’s Special Recognition Award for global tobacco control. India is the second largest tobacco consuming country in the world with 27 cr users.
WHO revises Protocol for Antibiotics
With an aim to curb antibiotic resistance, the WHO has revised the protocol for antibiotics. This revision is the biggest such revision of the antibiotics section in the 40-year history of the essential medicines list (EML).
Bopanna-Dabrowski Wins French Open Mixed Doubles
Rohan Bopanna has won his maiden Grand Slam title along with his Gabriela Dabrowski by winning the French Open mixed doubles trophy. With this title win he has become only the fourth Indian to clinch a major.
Indian Girl Sahithi Pingali to get Planet Named after Her
Sahithi Pingali, a twelfth grader from Bengaluru will get a minor planet in Milky Way named after her as a reward for developing an integrated mobile phone app and lake monitoring kit to monitor pollution in water bodies.
First-ever AIFF Women’s player
Jeje Lalpekhlua and Sasmita Malik were awarded 2016 AIFF Player of the Year and the AIFF Women’s Player of the Year respectively at the first ever All India Football Federation (AIFF) Awards in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
UK Elects its First Female Sikh and First Sikh as MPs
In a first Preet Kaur Gill has become the first Sikh to be elected to the British Parliament’s House of Commons. Similarly, Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi has become the first turban-wearing Sikh to be elected to the House of Commons.
Kaladan project in Myanmar
Government has awarded a Rs 1,600-cr contract for constructing 109km road connecting Paletwa river terminal to Zorinpui as a part of the $484-million Kaladan multi-modal transport projects in Myanmar Its connectivity to Mizoram.
NITI Aayog launches SATH Program
Its ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State Governments for furthering the agenda of cooperative federalism. SATH program plans to identify & build three future ‘role model’ states for health systems.
Public-Interest Litigation (PIL)
PIL is directly filed by an individual or group of people in the Supreme Court. It was felt that their interests are undermined by the govt. In such situation the court directly accepts the public good. Justice Bhagwati introduced PIL.
LTE stands for "Long Term Evolution" (Hybrid of Circuit Switching and Packet Switching data on 2G/3G/4G) VoLTE stands for "Voice Over LTE (HD voice calling Service on 4G LTE , 4G LTE is Packet Switching only)
Astronomers discover Hottest giant planet
The planet, called KELT-9b, is hotter than most stars, according to a study published in the journal Nature. KELT-9b is 2.8 times more massive than Jupiter, but only half as dense.
New species of flying squirrel, a ???surprising??? discovery
Scientists have discovered a new species of flying squirrel in North America that had been hiding in plain sight for hundreds of years. Known as Humboldt's flying squirrel, or Glaucomys oregonensis.
UP Board to have NCERT Books from Next Academic Year
The Uttar Pradesh state government has planned to replace textbooks meant for Uttar Pradesh Secondary Education Board with the ones published by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
Soon Women to get Combat Role in Indian Army
The Indian Army is expected to soon open up combat positions for women. This has been stated by Army Chief Gen. Bipin Rawat. The Indian Army has taken up this issue with the government.
National Human Milk Bank and Lactation Counselling Centre
Health Secretary C K Mishra has inaugurated the ???Vatsalya ??? Maatri Amrit Kosh???, a National Human Milk Bank and Lactation Counseling Centre (Largest Public Sector) at the Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC) in New Delhi.
India among Top FDI Destinations
According to UNCTAD???s World Investment Report 2017, India continues to remain as a favorite destination for FDI even though tax related concerns remain as a deterrent for the foreign investors.
Olympian MP Ganesh to head National Hockey Academy in Delhi
The National Hockey Academy is a joint venture of the Sports Authority of India and the sports ministry. The academy will be a residential project for 40 boys and an equal number of girls below the age of 18.
Three-nation Invitational Tournament
Indian men's hockey team came from a goal down to settle for a 2-2 draw against Germany in a high-voltage match of the three-nation Invitational Tournament, here on Saturday.
Kim In-Kyung claims fifth LPGA title
Kim In-Kyung captured her fifth LPGA title on Sunday, firing a final round 69 to beat to beat two-time defending champion Anna Nordqvist by two strokes in the ShopRite Classic.
Shuttler Sai Praneeth wins Thailand Grand Prix Gold title
Praneeth lost the first game 17-21 but came back strongly to take the next two games. It was World No. 24 Praneeth's second title of the year after his Singapore Open Superseries triumph in April.
$318 million Line of Credit to Sri Lanka
India has signed an agreement with Sri Lanka to provide USD 318 million as line of credit for developing Sri Lanka???s railway sector.
Hoshiar Singh Appointed as Chief of Copyrights office
Hoshiar Singh, a 1994 batch officer of the Indian Telecom Service has been appointed as Registrar of Copyrights for a period of five years as per the recent order issued by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).
World???s First Hybrid ???Aeroboat??? Unveiled
The world???s first hybrid ???aeroboat??? which has been built by an Indo-Russian joint venture has been unveiled at a start-ups event organized by Russia???s state-run Skolkovo Foundation.
India Secures Top Position in GRDI
The 2017 Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) titled ???The Age of Focus??? has placed India at the top position among 30 developing countries on ease of doing business in the retail sector. This is the 16th edition of the GRDI.
Six Arab Nations Cut Diplomatic Ties with Qatar
Saudi Arabia,Bahrain,Egypt,Yemen,Libya & UAE have suspended their diplomatic ties with Qatar.All 6 countries have announced that they would withdraw their diplomatic staff from Qatar and eject Qatar???s diplomats from their territories.
Nepal Signs Agreement with Chinese Firm
Nepal has struck a major deal with China Gezhouba Group Corporation (CGGC) for developing a 1,200 MW Budhigandaki Hydroelectric Project, which will be the biggest hydro project in Nepal.
India???s first Rural LED Street Lighting Project
Government will retrofit 10lakh conventional street lights with LED lights in Gram Panchayats of 7 districts in Andhra Pradesh.The project will be carried out by the Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL).
India???s First Private Railway Station
Habibganj railway station in the suburbs of Bhopal will become country???s first railway station to be redeveloped in a public-private partnership (PPP) mode.
DRDO???s Missile Testing Project
The National Board of Wildlife has approved Rutland Island in South Andaman to be the site for the country???s long-range missile test facility.
Vijaya Bank Plans to develop 100 Digital Villages
Vijaya Bank has stated that it plans to develop as many as 100 digital villages in various States across the country as part of its initiative to promote digital banking among the rural population.
India???s biodiversity riches increases by 499 species
According to the Animal Discoveries 2016, New Species and Records, brought out by the Zoological Survey of India and Plant Discoveries 2016, by the Botanical Survey of India, 499 new species have been discovered.
Sher Bahadur Deuba elected as 40th Prime Minister of Nepal
Sher Bahadur Deuba,70, has been elected as Nepal???s Prime Minister for the fourth time. He was the only candidate who contested in the election as the main opposition party UML.
Sachin - Role of Father???s in Child???s Development
UNICEF???s ???Super Dads??? campaign that highlights the critical role played by fathers in children???s early development.It is aimed at celebrating fatherhood & highlights the importance of healthy development of the young children.
Weddings become more nature Friendly
Kerala State government has come out with a green protocol to make the weddings in the state more nature-friendly. As per the protocol, plastic and other non-biodegradable articles will not be permitted to be used in wedding ceremonies.
Ganeshan becomes 1st Indian to be in inducted in ITTF URC
Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has become the first Indian to be nominated as a member of the Umpires and Referees Committee (URC) by International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF).
First Ever Mission to Study Neutron Stars
NASA is all set to launch the world???s first ever mission devoted for studying neutron stars. NASA will launch the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer, or NICER, aboard a Falcon 9 rocket.
Vizianagaram bags MGNREGA National Award
The Ministry of Rural Development has selected Vizianagaram as one among the 17 districts for MGNREGA annual award.Its for effective implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act during the time period 15-16.
NASA to launch Sounding Rocket
NASA will launch the Terrier-Improved Malemute sounding rocket into the space that will release blue-green and red artificial clouds. The launch is expected to support space studies.
June 5: World Environment Day
Every year World Environment Day (WED) is observed on 5 June to raise global awareness worldwide for the protection of our environment and the planet Earth.
First-ever women television channel “Zan TV”
The first-ever women television channel “Zan TV (or Women’s TV)” has started in Kabul, Afghanistan on May 30, 2017 with a staff of all female presenters and producers.
Cheaper, quicker and pollution-free bio fuel
IIT Kharagpur have developed a new technology to manufacture pollution-free bio-fuel. The ‘soil-to-soil’ manufacturing technology developed at the P K Sinha Centre for bio-energy at IIT-KGP is in the process of being patented.
Nirupama Rao appointed public policy fellow to WWICS
Nirupama Rao, the former Indian Ambassador to US, has been appointed as a public policy fellow to a Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (WWICS) where she will work on a project on the Sino-India ties.
S Ganesh Kumar appointed as Executive Director (ED) of RBI
S Ganesh Kumar has been appointed the new Executive Director (ED) of Reserve Bank of India (RBI). He succeeded Chandan Sinha, who has taken voluntary retirement on May 31, 2017.
NAAC won International Award of Asia Pacific Quality Network
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) of India has won International Award of Asia Pacific Quality Network (APQN) Quality Award 2017 for International Co-operation in Quality Assurance in Moscow, Russia on May 26, 2017.
First Indian woman to scale Mt. Everest from China side
Anita Kundu, a Haryana police sub-inspector from Hisar, has made history by becoming the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest from the China side on May 2017. Earlier, she had scaled the Mt. Everest from Nepal side in May 2013.
June 1: World Milk Day
The World Milk Day (WMD) is observed every year on June 1 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to recognise the importance of milk as a global food.
Kazakhstan host 2017 (SCO)
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit will be held in Astana, Kazakhstan on June 8-9, 2017. In this summit, India and Pakistan will become full members of the organization.
India’s first freight village: Varanasi
India’s 1st ‘freight village’ will be developed by the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It will attract companies that require logistics services & can cluster to improve competitiveness.
Ram Shankar Katheria appointed as a chairman for NCSC
Ram Shankar Katheria, a BJP MP from Agra, has been appointed as the new chairman of National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) for a period of three years.