GK & CA
Collection of weekly GK & CA since year 2016.
Astra: Indian Air Force Successfully Test Fires Air-To-Air
Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons: September 26
The International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons is observed every year on 26 September across the world. The day aims to provide an occasion for world community to reaffirm its commitment to global nuclear disarmament as high priority.
World Maritime Day celebrated on September 27
To acknowledge the maritime industry and to highlight importance of shipping safety, maritime security and marine environment and to acknowledge maritime industry.theme as “IMO 70: Our Heritage – Better Shipping for a Better Future”.
World Tourism Day: September 27
To raise awareness about importance of tourism. Observance of day aims to foster awareness among international community of importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value.
First multi-skills park in MP
Narendra Modi, Emmanuel M: UN’s Champions of Earth Award
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron have been jointly awarded the UN highest environmental honour for their pioneering work in championing the International Solar Alliance and promoting new areas of cooperation on environmental action.
Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013
It was passed in 2013 to constitute statutory body to inquire into allegations of corruption against public functionaries. Under it, the appointments to Lokpal is made by high-level selection committee comprising of Prime Minister, Chief Justice of India, Lok Sabha Speaker, Leader of Opposition Party and an eminent jurist chosen by them.
World Rabies Day: September 28
To raise awareness about rabies disease and its preventable measures. The 2018 theme was ‘Rabies: Share the message. Save a life’. Observance of the day seeks to raise awareness about the impact of rabies on animals and human beings. It also seeks to share information on how to prevent disease and highlight progress in defeating this horrifying disease
Govt launches Rail heritage digitisation: Google
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, under the aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission- Urban, has partnered with Google to launch the Loo Review campaign to encourage all local guides in India to rate and review public toilets on Google Maps. India with more than 30,000 toilets with the name of “SBM Toilet” are currently live on Google Maps.
Scientists grow human esophagus in lab
World’s largest state-funded Ayushman Bharat health scheme
Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana launched from Ranchi. The scheme aims to provide free secondary and tertiary care to 50 cr people across the country. Beneficiaries can access healthcare at govt and private hospitals, with no cap on family size, age or restriction on pre-existing conditions.
Sikkim's first airport at Pakyong
The airport is spread over 201 acres and is located on top of a hill about two km above Pakyong village at 4,500 feet above sea level.Integrated structures comprising an ATC tower-cum-fire station, two sophisticated CFT, one terminal building for passengers, high-intensity runway lights, parking for over 50 vehicles are some of the features of the airport.
Nepal becomes first country to double its tiger population
India’s first-ever online and centralised NDSO
India’s first-ever online and centralised National Database on Sexual Offenders has been launched by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. With this, India will become the 9th country in the world to maintain such a database. The database will have a record of the name, photographs, address, fingerprint and other details of convicted sexual offenders.
India’s 1st indigenously developed 500-mw prototype
India’s first indigenously developed 500-megawatt (mw) prototype fast breeder reactor at Kalpakkam in Tamil Nadu is expected to achieve criticality in 2019. The reactor was designed by the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR).
1st-ever General Assembly of the ISA
The first-ever General Assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) will be held at Delhi-NCR from 2nd October 2018. The India and France-led ISA — international treaty-based alliance of 121 solar-rich nations — had become a legal entity in December 2017.
Hima Das: India’s 1st Gold in the Women’s Junior 500m
Win a gold at the world level as she clinched the top spot in the women's 400m final race in the IAAF World Under-20 Athletics Championships. The 18-year-old Das, a pre-tournament favourite, clocked 51.46s to win the gold, which triggered a wild celebration at the Indian camp.
India’s biggest cyclotron facility
India’s biggest cyclotron facility “Cyclone-30” has become operational at the Kolkata-based Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) for treatment of cancer. The facility produces a 30MeV beam that will be used to produce radioisotopes for medical for medical imaging & diagnosis.
The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engine, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike and nuclear deterrence missions.
SpaceX announces new plan to send tourist around Moon
In February, 2017, SpaceX announced it would send the world’s first two space tourists around the Moon in late 2018. Big Falcon Rocket (BFR), a massive launch vehicle that is being designed to carry people into deep space.
Village Rockstars is India’s official entry to Oscars 2019
The National Award-winning feature is directed by Rima Das. Rima Das’ National Award-winning feature Village Rockstars has been chosen to represent India in the Best Foreign Language category at the 91st Academy Awards next year.
'Robotic Skins' turn everyday objects into robots
When you think of robotics, you likely think of something rigid, heavy, and built for a specific purpose. New "Robotic Skins" technology developed by Yale researchers flips that notion on its head, allowing users to animate the inanimate and turn everyday objects into robots.
Fat from 558 million years ago reveals earliest known animal
Volkswagen stops production of iconic Beetle in 2019
Automaker prepares for a leap toward a future of mass-market electric cars.The VW Beetle and the VW minibus became symbols of the small-is-beautiful esthetic of many in the post-war baby boom and the crescent shaped car was revived with the "New Beetle" of the late 1990s, which featured a built-in flower vase.
Gut bacteria's shocking secret: They produce electricity
Listeria bacteria transport electrons through their cell wall into the environment as tiny currents, assisted by ubiquitous flavin molecules (yellow dots). While bacteria that produce electricity have been found in exotic environments like mines and the bottoms of lakes, scientists have missed a source closer to home: the human gut.
World’s first hydrogen-powered train
Germany rolled out the world’s first hydrogen-powered train, signalling the start of a push to challenge the might of polluting diesel trains with costlier but eco-friendly technology.
Anna Rajam Malhotra: India’s first woman IAS officer
India’s first woman IAS officer after Independence, Anna Rajam Malhotra, who served in the Madras State under then Chief Minister C. Rajagopalachari and at the Central government. Born in Kerala’s Ernakulam district in July 1927, she moved to Chennai after her schooling in Kozhikode to pursue higher education at the University of Madras.
The day Hyderabad surrendered to the Indian Union
Bidar played a significant role in Hyderabad’s resistance to integration into the Indian Union. Visitors to the tombs of Ashtur near Bidar are surprised to see the grand tombs, their intricate inlay work, incised stucco work and the scale of the monuments.
Archaeologists discover ancient sphinx in Egypt
S. Korea wants to elevate ties with India
One of the major foreign policy initiatives of President Moon Jae-in of South Korea is the government’s ‘New Southern Policy’, with a goal of deepening ties with South East Asian nations as well as India and building an inclusive regional architecture in Asia
IIT-incubated startup to roll out cheaper lithium batteries
A startup incubated at Indian Institute of Technology-Hyderabad (IIT-H) has developed lithium batteries with wide applications in fields of agriculture and aerospace and will be commercially launching them during the Renewable Energy Expo 2018.
ISRO's PSLV-C-42 launches two U.K. satellites
Transparent loudspeakers & MICs : skin play music
Their ultrathin, conductive, and transparent hybrid NMs can be applied to the fabrication of skin-attachable NM loudspeakers and voice-recognition microphones, which would be unobtrusive in appearance due to their excellent transparency and conformal contact capability.
India: world’s first country to develop document on CAP
On 2018 World Ozone Day (WOD), the Union Environment Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan released a draft India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) and a booklet on ‘Montreal Protocol – India’s Success Story’. With this, India has become the world’s first country to develop such a document (ICAP).
Green Agriculture project
In New Delhi, the Government of India (GoI) along with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has recently launched the Green Agriculture project that seeks to bring transformative change in the farm sector through conservation of biodiversity and forest landscapes.
Home Ministry ISRO to set up ICR-ER
Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to set up of state-of-the-art Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER). ISRO will render its technical expertise for setting up of proposed ICR-ER.
INSV Tarini: Tenzing Norgay National Adventure award 2018
All-women crew of INSV Tarini has bagged the prestigious Tenzing Norgay National Adventure award for beating the odds in water with their enduring skills and sailing across the world for 8 long months. The award is the highest national recognition for outstanding achievements in the field of adventure on land, sea and air.
Rajasthan’s 1st lion safari: Nahargarh Biological Park
Visitors will be able to see lions in their natural habitat in the park spanning 38 hectares and enclosed by a fence. They will be taken on a nearly 4 kilometer safari in a closed bus. The park is located on the Delhi-Jaipur National Highway, nearly 12 kilometers from Jaipur.
India’s first underwater drone handed over to NPOL
India’s first underwater robotic drone -Eyerovtuna -developed at Maker Village, which can send real-time videos of ships and other underwater structures to help with their repair and maintenance, was launched and handed over to the Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) of DRDO.
1st-ever tripartite meeting
India, Iran and Afghanistan held their first tripartite meeting in Kabul during which implementation of the Chabahar port project and a host of other issues discussed. The Indian delegation was led by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale while the Iranian team was headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi.
India’s first 205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck
The Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) has recently launched an indigenously designed and developed India’s first 205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck (Model BH205-E) in its Mysuru plant, with an objective of strengthening the ‘Make in India’ initiative.
1st bowler in women’s cricket to pick 300 wickets
Indian pacer Jhulan Goswami has become the first bowler in women’s cricket to pick 300 international wickets. She achieved this feet after reaching the landmark figure in India’s 9-wicket win over Sri Lanka on September 11. Earlier, Indian Cricketer Mithali Raj became the most capped player in the history of Women’s ODIs cricket.
India’s 1st railway university NRTI
This institute is located in the National Academy of Indian Railway (NAIR) having about 55 acres of campus. It is India’s first university focused on transport-related education, multidisciplinary research and training. NRTI will offer multi-disciplinary programmes designed to cater to the needs of India’s transportation sector.
Hyderabad comes up with exclusive park for pets
Diwan of Mysore: Sir M Visvesvaraya
Sir MV served as the Diwan of Mysore during the period of 1912-1918. In 1955, he was honoured with Bharat Ratna. For his contributions to the public goodness, he was bestowed as Knight Commander, by King George V, during the British Indian Empire.
BEML launches ‘Made in India’ Electric Dump Truck
The architect of present day Ganesh Chathurthi celebrations
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, nationalist and 'The Father of Indian Unrest' as described by the British, was the man behind turning a private, household Ganesh Chaturthi celebration to a gala event.
1st ever mall run by women to open in Kozhikode next month
Mahila Mall, the first ever mall run by women, will be launched by mid-October, as the promoters, Kozhikode Corporation Kudumbashree CDS is trying to recover from the delay caused by the recent flood.
Japan to conduct world’s first test of space elevator
Japanese researchers from Shizuoka University will conduct world’s first experiment to test small prototype of space elevator in space by using two mini satellites. The test equipment will be launched by Japan’s space agency on board of H-2B rocket from southern island of Tanegashima
India's 1st-ever mid-air refuelling of LCA Tejas
Placing India in an elite group of countries having air-to-air refuelling system for military planes. The Light Combat Aircraft (Tejas LSP8) has successfully completed the wet (actual) engagement by transferring 1,900 kg fuel from IAF IL78 mid-air refuelling tanker.
Google launches new search engine for scientific community
Help to make sense of millions of datasets present online. The service, called Dataset Search, will help scientists, data journalists and geeks find the data required for their work and their stories — or simply to satisfy their intellectual curiosity.
Your face will be your boarding pass at Bengaluru airport
Lippa-Asra wildlife sanctuary
The sanctuary is part of district Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh and also is part of Moorang town. It was established in 1974 and is spread over an area of 3089 hectares.Snow leopard was spotted at height of about 4,000 metres, snow leopards are inhabiting new areas.
1st Doorstep delivery of 40 government services
The Aam Aadmi Party-led Delhi government is set to launch a scheme for home delivery of 40 essential public services like caste and marriage certificates, driving license and new water connections.
First ever mid-air refuelling of Tejas combat aircraft
The Light Combat Aircraft (Tejas LSP8) has successfully completed the wet (actual) engagement today by transferring 1,900 kg fuel from IAF IL78 mid-air refuelling tanker. With this, India joins an elite group of countries who have developed the Air-to-Air (AAR) (refuelling) system for military class of aircraft.
First military exercise of BIMSTEC countries held in Pune
The first field training military exercise MILEX-18, as part of the Bay of Bengal initiative for multi-sectoral technical and economic cooperation commenced at Foreign Training Node at Aundh in Pune, Maharashtra. All member BIMSTEC countries, except Thailand and Nepal will take active part in in this exercise.
India is the world's leading 'banana' republic
Ankur Mittal wins double trap gold in World Championship
Ankur Mittal claimed the men's double trap gold medal in the ISSF World Championship for his career's biggest triumph, as the Indian shooting team continued its dominance in the premier tournament here Saturday.
France's ban on bee-killing pesticides
Mammoth mysteries unveiled
They found mutations in a particular gene (TRPV3) that is associated with sensing temperature, itch, and pain. They also observed that this mutation affected the associated channels that open and close to allow ion flow into skin cells, thus making the mammoth insensitive to temperature change and helping it rule the ice age.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan About this sound listen (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) 1st Vice President of India (1952–1962) &the; 2nd President of India from 1962 to 1967.He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country in 1954. Nominated 16 times for the Nobel Prize in literature, & 11 times for the Nobel Peace prize.
5 September: International Day of Charity
The prime purpose of the International Day of Charity is to raise awareness and provide a common platform for charity related activities all over the world for individuals, charitable, philanthropic and volunteer organizations for their own purposes on the local, national, regional and international level.
India, France to collaborate on human space mission
'Gold' first Bollywood film to release in Saudi Arabia
September 6: Rising Day if Delta Force
A wreath laying ceremony was organised at the Delta Force headquaters, on the occasion, in the memory of those who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty, a defence spokesman said.Raised on September 6, 1994, the force has been instrumental in eliminating terrorism from the Chenab Valley and ushering peace in the region.
Mars Mission “HOPE” by 2020
It will become the 1st mission to Mars by any Arab or Muslim country. The mission was announced by Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the President of the United Arab Emirates, in July 2014, and is aimed at enriching the capabilities of Emirati engineers and increasing human knowledge about the Martian atmosphere.
First round of the India-US ‘two-plus-two dialogue’
Issues like enhancing trade, ways to counter terrorism and India’s concerns over the Trump administration’s decision to make changes in the H1B visa programme are expected to figure during the event. On US sanctions on the import of Iranian oil, India will explain to the US its position on the issue.
What is Section 377, and why does it matter?
Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code dating back to 1861, introduced during the British rule of India criminalised sexual activities "against the order of nature", including homosexual activities. This verdict recognised transgender people as ‘third gender,’ possessing rights, including marriage, adoption, divorce, succession and inheritance.
Oskar Schlemmer (4 September 1888 – 13 April 1943)
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia. It has since become a widespread, highly technical form of dance with its own vocabulary based on French terminology.
Indian Men’s Pair Win Historic Gold Medal in Bridge
Oskar Schlemmer (4 Sept 1888 - 13 April 1943)
Oskar Schlemmer was a German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer associated with the Bauhaus school. In 1923 he was hired as Master of Form at the Bauhaus theatre workshop, after working at the workshop of sculpture
1967 Thurgood Marshall confirmed Supreme Court justice
August 30 1967, Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African American to be confirmed as a Supreme Court justice. He would remain on the Supreme Court for 24 years before retiring for health reasons, leaving a legacy of upholding the rights of the individual as guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.
Post Office Passport Seva Kendras
The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and the Department of Posts (DOP) have decided to utilize the Head Post Offices (HPO)/ Post Offices in the country as Post Office Passport Seva Kendras (POPSK) for delivery of passport related services to the citizens of the country.
Online registration of drones must from Dec. 1
Major Dhyan Chand:‘The Magician’ of hockey
The National Sports Day is celebrated every year in India on August 29 to mark the birth anniversary of legendary hockey player Major Dhyan Chand, who was known as ‘The Wizard’ or ‘The Magician’ of hockey for his superb ball control. He won gold medals in Olympics for India in the years 1928, 1934 and 1936. He scored over 400 goals in his career.
Gaganyaan — India’s first human spaceflight programme’
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has decided to launch Gaganyaan. The mission will aim to send a 3-member crew to space for a period of 5 to 7 days. The spacecraft will be placed in a low earth orbit of 300-400km and the total programme cost is expected to be less than Rs. 10,000 crores.
Google’s:Navlekha help regional publications go online
Manjit Singh:India’s first gold in men’s 800m
Manjit Singh clinched gold in the men’s 800 metres event at the 2018 Jakarta Asian Games, which was India’s first gold in the event since Charles Borromeo won in 1982 Asiad. Beside this, Indian sprinter Jinson Johnson from Kerala also won the silver at the same event. With this, India achieved a rare one-two in men’s 800m at the Asian Games.
Arpinder Singh:India’s first men’s triple jump gold
Arpinder Singh from Punjab clinched India’s first men’s triple jump gold in 48 years, with a jump of 16.77m in the 2018 Jakarta Asian Games on August 29. With this, he became the 2nd Indian sportsperson to achieve this landmark. Before him, Mohinder Singh Gill won gold medal in triple jump event in 1970 Bangkok Asian games event.
Swapna Barman:1st Indian heptathlete to win gold
First-ever SAARC Agriculture Cooperative Business Forum
The first-ever SAARC Agriculture Cooperative Business Forum has started in Kathmandu, Nepal on August 29, 2018. The aim of the forum is to bring together representatives both from the government and non-governmental entities from the Member States of SAARC as well as from regional and international organizations.
‘MOVE: India’s First Global Mobility Summit 2018’