GK & CA
Collection of weekly GK & CA since year 2016.
The science behind why masks help prevent COVID-19 spread
Singapore scientists and doctors conducted an experiment which proves that properly-worn masks are effective in helping to prevent the spread of COVID-19
NASA: Air Pollution in India at 20 year low
On April 22, 2020, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) announced that Air Pollution in India has reached 20 year low. According to the data published by NASA, the Aerosol Optical Depth in 2020 has been the least as compared to the average of 2016 to 2019.
Lebanon: 1st Arab Country to legalize Marijuana cultivation
What is Team Mask Force?
The “Team Mask Force” was created by the BCCI (Board of Control for Cricket in India). It features India’s most revered cricketers such as Sachin Tendulkar, Virat Kohli, Saurav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid. The Team Mask Force intends to spread awareness of the importance of wearing face masks in public places.
Viper Species: Indian Herpetologists in Arunachal Pradesh
Important days (20th April to 26th April)
April 23: World Book Day
April 22: World Earth Day
April 21: World Creativity and Innovation Day
April 23: English Language Day; Spanish Language Day
Apthamitra: Helpline & application launched Karnataka govt
The State Government of Karnataka has launched “Apthamitra” mobile application and helpline to fight COVID-19. The application was launched by the Chief Minister of the state B S Yediyurappa.When a person has symptoms of COVID-19, he or she can call to the helpline number of “Apthamitra”.
Feluda: COVID-19 test developed by CSIR-IGIB scientists
The IGIB (Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology) operating under CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) have come up with a COVID-19 test called “Feluda”. The test has been named after a detective character in the stories of film maker Satyajit Ray.
PV Sindhu: ambassador Badminton World Federation
Pandemics: Justinian Plague, Black Death & Spanish Flu
The COVID-19 has killed thousands and has indented a bad and deep history of economic crisis. It has locked down almost every super economic power in the world and has left permanent damages to developing countries. There were several other Pandemics in the history that created equal impacts.
Dekho Apna Desh”: A Webinar launched by Tourism Ministry
On April 14, 2020, the Ministry of Tourism launched “Dekho Apna Desh”. It is a webinar that caters in-depth information about tourist destinations in the country. It also provides details about culture and heritage of India.
Expert Committee constituted by UGC
OPEC and Russia approve biggest Oil Cuts
101st anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre marked
The Government of India marked the anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on April 13, 2020. The martyrs killed on the day mercilessly are remembered.
NHAI: 3,979 km of NH constructed in one year
Highest in Indian History The National Highway Authority of India recently completed the construction of 3,979 km of national highways in the financial year 2019-20. This is the highest ever target achieved by the authority in a financial year since its establishment.
Anti-Microbial Coating Technology approved by DST
Anti-microbial coating can be applied or fabricated into surfaces such as textiles, plastics, etc. The coating kills the microbes as they come in contact to it. This includes fungus, bacteria, viruses like influenza virus, COVID-19, etc.
India begins working on Genome Sequencing of COVID-19
The Genome Sequencing is being done to understand the evolution of the virus. This will help to learn about the future aspects. The blood samples of COVID-19 positive patients are to be collected and sent to the centres.
Bio Fortified Carrots developed by farmer scientist
A farmer scientist of Junagadh district, Gujarat Shri Vallabhai Vastambhai Marvaniya developed biofortified carrots. The carrots are locally called “Madhuban Gajar”. It is rich in β-carotene and iron.
April 9: CRPF Valour Day
A small contingent of the CRPF on April 9, 1965 fought against Pakistan in Rann of Kutch eliminating 34 Pakistan soldiers.
COVID-19: Wimbledon cancelled for the 1st Time
Wimbledon was scheduled between June 29, 2020 and July 12, 2020 in the outskirts of London. However, it was cancelled considering lock down situation and also due to the threats posed by COVID-19. The next edition of the tournament is to be held between June 28, 2021 and July 11, 2021
Important days of the week 29 March to 4 April
April 2: World Autism Awareness Day
Every year, the World Autism Awareness Day is observed on April 2 by the members of United Nations.
Utkala Dibasa, Odisha Statehood Day celebrated on April 1
Since 2007, every year million participate in the campaign called “Earth Hour” on March 28. The event is organized by the World wide Fund. The event was first started in Sydney, Australia. The main aim of the marking Earth Hour is to call attention towards global warming, loss of biodiversity.
Rajasthan celebrates Statehood Day
Every year, Rajasthan celebrates its Statehood Day on March 30. Popularly known as “Land of the Kings”, it is the largest Indian state in area. The day is also called “Rajasthan Day”.
United Nations Security council to meet on COVID-19 1st time
On April 2, 2020, the current president of United Nations Security Council, Dominican Republic announced that the world body is to meet over COVID-19 next week. The rotating presidency of the 15-member council was taken by the Caribbean country from the previous president China.
Action Covid-19 Team: First of its kind in the world
The Team gained its popularity lately as Rs 1 crore was bagged by the Mylab from the fund set up by the team. Mylab is the first Indian firm to get get permission to make and sell corona testing kit. GoI is currently using and promoting indigenously made kits.
Ex-Service Men rise to Service Before Self to fight COVID-19
The Indian Army serves under the motto “Service Before Self”. Continuing to live with the motto even after retirement, the department of Ex-service men operating under Ministry of Defence took the initiative to mobilize ex-servicemen to assist state and district administration.
The ventilators will help in meeting urgent requirement of Covid-19 crisis. The ventilators are called AMBU (Artificial Manual Breathing Unit). They hand held devices that will provide automatic pressurized ventilation to the patients that are not breathing or facing extreme difficulties in breathing
United Nations adopts 1st resolution on Corona Virus
On April 3, 2020, the United Nations approved the resolution that called upon international cooperation to fight against COVID-19. The resolution also calls for its member nations to adopt multilateralism.