GK & CA
Collection of weekly GK & CA since year 2016.
15 July: World Youth Skills Day
Increased prospects for youth to gain access to quality training and skills development. The purpose of the day is to spread awareness on the importance of youth developing skill development. The 2018 theme is “Improving the image of TVET (Technical & Vocational Education and Training)”.
he Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur has developed an online tool “TreadWill” to help people cope with issues related to mental health. TreadWill is a website designed to help people deal with stress, low mood, lethargy and other depressive symptoms through different online exercises, questionnaires and games.
Kerla: best-governed states, as per PAI
According to the Public Affairs Index (PAI) for 2018, Kerala stands as the best-governed state in the country, followed by Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat.Ranks the states according to their socio-economic development.
South East Asia’s 1st-ever Centre for Climate Change
The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has launched the South East Asia’s first-ever Centre for Climate Change (CCC) in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of the centre is to accelerate concerted climate action by various stakeholders in government, private, financial and non -government actors.
Indian Deshna Jain : crowned the Miss Asia (Deaf) 2018
Deshna Jain (20), who is from Tikamgarh in Madhya Pradesh, has been crowned the 2018 Miss Asia (Deaf) title and was the 3rd runner-up in the 2018 Miss International (Deaf) contest held in Taipei, Taiwan, from July 8-July 16. At 20, she is also the youngest contestant to take part in the event.
Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
On July 23, the Lok Sabha passed the Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017 that allows a court hearing a cheque bounce case to direct the drawer — the person who wrote the cheque — to pay interim compensation to the person who filed the complaint.
1st meeting of India-Bangladesh: Border Haats
The first meeting of the India-Bangladesh Joint Committee on Border Haats concluded in Agartala, Tripura today. During the two day meeting both sides noted the positive impact of Border Haats on the livelihoods of the people living in areas adjoining the Haats.
Patnaik releases first-ever tribal atlas of Odisha
CM Naveen Patnaik released the first-ever tribal atlas of Odisha — a set of maps and statistics – to highlight the tribal demography of the state. The atlas has been brought out utilising the data of Census 2011 and other relevant statistics, which is said to be the first of its kind in the country.
Pakistan gets its first woman high court chief justice
Pakistan got its first-ever woman chief justice of a high court on Tuesday. Justice Tahira Safdar was named as the Chief Justice of the Balochistan High Court by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar.
Fakhar Zaman, fastest player to score 1000 ODI runs
5th ODI in Bulawayo on Sunday, the left-handed Pakistan opener etched his name in history for a new world record as he became the fastest batsman to score 1000 ODI runs. He took 18 innings to achieve the feat and broke West Indies great Viv Richards’ record.
Blood Moon: 21st Century’s longest lunar eclipse
GMO rules cover plant gene editing technique
Gene editing has the potential to make hardier and more nutritious crops — as well as offering drug companies new ways to fight human disease. Crops obtained by plant breeding technique mutagenesis should fall under laws restricting the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
Graphic novel in Booker Prize longlist for the first time
Karnataka pips T.N. to become top State in renewable energy
With 27% of its power generation coming from renewable energy, Karnataka has emerged the leading State for renewable energy in India this year, pipping Tamil Nadu. According to a new report by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA).
July 26: 19th Kargil Vijay Diwas
The Kargil Vijay Diwas (KVD) is celebrated every year on July 26 to commemorate India’s emphatic victory against Pakistan. The day is named after the success of Operation Vijay. On this day, 26 July 1999, India successfully took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistani intruders.
India’s first state-run all-woman hotel “Hostess”
India’s first public sector hotel “Hostess” run entirely by women for women will come up in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. The flagship project of the Kerala Tourism Development Corporation has been launched by the state Tourism minister Kadakampally Surendran.
Sanchar Kranti Yojna
launched by President Ram Nath Kovind at Jagdalpur in the Naxal-affected Bastar region. Under the scheme, 50 lakh smartphones will be distributed free of cost to rural households, urban poor and college students across the state.Aimed at increasing mobile penetration in a state, which is the lowest in the country at 29% against the national average of 68%.
Museum for all former PM of India will be constructed
New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s keenness to construct a museum dedicated to the legacy of all former Prime Ministers, first expressed by him in 2016, was endorsed by a majority of the 21 members of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML)
World’s oldest person, a Japanese woman, dies at 117
Miyako, born on May 2, 1901, became the world’s oldest person in April after Nabi Tajima from the Kikai island in southern Japan died at age 117. Mayako’s family said they called her “the goddess” and remembered her as a chatty person who was patient and kind to others, according to Guinness World Records that certified her title.
Vikas belongs to family of liquid fuelled rocket engines conceptualized and designed by ISRO’s Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre in the 1970s. The design was based on licensed version of Viking engine with chemical pressurisation system. It is the workhorse liquid rocket engine.
Sutherland: UK selects Scottish site for first spaceport
The chosen location is Sutherland, on the A’Mhoine peninsula on the north coast of Scotland. Local business development agency the Highlands and Islands Enterprise will receive £2.5 million in funding ($3.3 million) from the UK government, and the first rocket launches are planned for the early 2020s.
NCPEDP is India’s only cross-disability advocacy organisation working towardsempowerment of persons with disabilities. It is headquartered in New Delhi. It has to its credit several achievements, including lobbying for creation of new Department for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities.(Arman Ali take charge)
ISRO signs contracts:3 vendors to assemble 27 Satellites
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has roped in three partners to help it assemble 27 satellites at a quick pace over the next three years. Each partner will work with the URSC to produce three small to medium satellites each year.
Newest phase in Earth’s history named after Meghalaya rock
An international team of researchers recently discovered a new geological time scale and named it after a North Eastern State of India, Meghalaya. Known as the ‘Meghalayan Age’, this time scale began 4,200 years ago and experienced an abrupt mega-drought and cooling around the globe, according to a PTI report.
FSSAI: Ice manufacturers cool to using dye
the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) issued a circular that ice manufactured for industrial purposes must be differentiated by adding a blue dye.
Israel adopts Jewish nation law
Israel’s Parliament on Thursday adopted a law defining the country as the nation state of the Jewish people, provoking fears that it could lead to discrimination against Arabs.
India, US to hold 1st ‘2+2 dialogue’ on September 6
Mr. Pompeo and Mr. Mattis “look forward to meeting with their Indian counterparts,” Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj and Minister of Defence Nirmala Sitharaman, “to discuss strengthening strategic, security and defence cooperation” as the US and India jointly address challenges in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond, Mr. Nauert said.
World’s oldest bread found at prehistoric site in Jordan
Plants may soon create own fertilizer from thin air: study
Sagar basks in Wimbledon glory
July 18: Nelson Mandela International Day
Nelson Mandela, the former South African President & Nobel Peace Prize winner, i.e. on July 18. The Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) dedicated this year’s Mandela Day to ‘Action Against Poverty’, honouring Nelson Mandela’s leadership and devotion to fighting poverty and promoting social justice for all.
Google: UNEP has partnered with which technological giant
The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has partnered with Google to monitor the impacts of human activity on global ecosystems by using sophisticated online tools. The purpose of the partnership is to develop a platform to enable governments, NGO’s and the public to track specific environment-related development targets with a user-friendly Google front-end.
Golden Ball award for best player FIFA Word cup
The French National Football team has clinched the 2018 FIFA World Cup by defeating Croatia 4-2 in a thrilling final match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on July 15. Croatia were playing in their first World Cup final. They were the smallest country to reach the Final in the modern era.
India’s first greenfield skill training centre
India’s first greenfield skill training centre will come up at Baranga near Bhubaneswar in Odisha. For this, the Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Dharmendra Pradhan laid the foundation stone of NSTI Bhubaneswar on July 16.
World’s 1st Remotely Operable Microscope Worth Rs 40 Cr
Chennai, July 16 (PTI) The Indian Institute of Technology-Madras today launched a Rs 40 crore remotely operable miscroscope, claimed to be the world's first of its kind, that would enable precise view of atoms of a material.
BSNL: launch Internet Telephony Services
State-run telecom firm BSNL has become the India’s first Mobile operator to launch Internet Telephony Services. The facility will allow users to dial any telephone number in India through its mobile app. Now, BSNL Customers will be able to make calls using BSNL’s mobile app “Wings” to any phone number in the country and even from abroad.
India’s 1st private sector unit: manufacturing UAV & LBPV
India’s first private sector unit for manufacturing Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) and Light Bullet Proof Vehicles (LBPV) will be set up by DCM Shriram Industries Group on the campus of Shriram Rayons in Kota. These UAVs and LBPVs are likely to be used by defence and para-military forces in the country.
Rim of Pacific Multinational Naval exercise (RIMPAC-18)
For the first time, Indian Navy’s Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft Boeing P- 8I (Poseidon Eight India) from Indian Naval Ship (INS) Rajali has inducted for participating in the 26th edition of RIMPAC-18, the Rim of the Pacific Multinational Naval exercise. During the exercise, IN P8I will be operating from Joint Airbase Hickam, Honolulu in Hawaii. T
Satyarup Siddhanta: climb highest volcano in the world
Satyarup Siddhanta (35) has become the 2nd Indian mountaineer after Malli Mastan Babu to climb Mt Ojos del Salado, the highest volcano in the world. Satyarup is also set to be the first Indian to climb Mt Sidley, the highest volcano of Antarctica.
MoHUA: eliminate human entry into septic tanks
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched a technology challenge on identifying solutions and promoting suitable techniques for cleaning of sewerage systems. The objective is eliminating human entry into septic tanks and manholes.
Goa University: pigment in wild edible mushroom
Recently, the mycological laboratory of the Department of Botany in Goa University announced the discovery of a new pigment from local wild mushrooms that may help fight against cancer. The result was confirmed after more than two decades of research experience on local wild mushrooms.
Hima Das:1st Indian woman to win a gold at the IAAF World
Sprinter Hima Das has created history by becoming the first Indian woman to win a gold at the IAAF World Under- 20 Athletics Championships in Tempere, Finland on July 12, 2018. Das, who is from Dhing village in Assam’s Nagaon distrist, has clinched the top spot in the women’s 400 meters final race on the third day of the competitions.
India: newest member of EBRD
India has become the 69th shareholder of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). This move will enable Indian companies to undertake joint investments in regions in which the EBRD operates. Here, India takes a shareholding in the EBRD but it will not be a recipient of EBRD financing.
The Gujarat government has given in-principle approval for ‘Seema Darshan’ project for developing more infrastructure facilities from T-Junction to Zero Point at Nadabet near Suigam in Banaskantha district to instill patriotism through a unique Gujarat initiative. Will include an exhibition hall and a parade ground with an amphitheatre for 5,000 people.
Century's Longest Lunar Eclipse To Take Place On July 27-28
India:Vice-Chair of the Asia Pacific Region of WCO
India has become the Vice-Chair (Regional Head) of the Asia Pacific Region of World Customs Organisation (WCO) for a period of two years, from July 2018 to June 2020. According to a Finance Ministry release, the position will enable India to take on leadership role of Asia Pacific Region of the organization.
Angelique: women singles’ Wimbledon tennis tournament
With the win, Kerber has become the first German woman to win the title since Steffi Graf in 1996. Serena was bidding a record-equaling 24th major trophy.
1st-ever colour X-ray on a human performed by scientists
15 July: United Nations’ World Youth Skills Day
This day is celebrated to expand awareness on the importance of investing in youth skills development. The United Nations General Assembly decided in resolution A/RES/69/145 to depute 15 July as World Youth Skills Day.
Antyodaya Express to start from Bikaner to Bilaspur
Dhaka: World’s largest visa centre has been opened
India’s home minister Rajnath Singh has recently inaugurated the world’s largest state-of-the-art visa centre in Dhaka with modern facilities, promising shorter waiting times for applicants. This Integrated centre at Jamuna Future Park (JFP), Dhaka is the largest Indian visa centre in the world with 18,500 square feet commercial area.
Oxford English Dictionary turns 90
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world.
Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration
For the first time ever, United Nations Member States have agreed an all-encompassing “Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration” to better manage international migration, address its challenges, strengthen migrant rights and contribute to sustainable development.
The English Patient: best-ever Man Booker Prize winner
“The English Patient” won the Booker in 1992 and was made into a 1996 movie starring Ralph Fiennes and Juliette Binoche that won nine Academy Awards.
Epidiolex: World’s first medicine made from marijuana
For the first time, the US Food and Drug Administration has approved the world’s first-ever cannabis-based medicine “Epidiolex” made from marijuana. It is a milestone approval that could spur more research into a drug that remains illegal under federal law.
June 30: 1st-ever International Day of Parliamentarism
To recognize the importance of parliaments and their responsibility of representing the people. The day is not only an occasion to stress the critical importance of parliaments in any democratic society but also to reinforce the call for a global parliament.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis OBE, FNA, FASc, FRS (29 June 1893 – 28 June 1972) was an Indian scientist and applied statistician. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure, and for being one of the members of the first Planning Commission of free India. He made pioneering studies in anthropometry in India.
More crocodile nesting sites found in Bhitarkanika
Jharkhand : India’s first dedicated ‘Khadi Mall’
To boost market for khadi and khadi made products. The land in the Heavy Engineering Corporation (HEC) campus will be made available to the Khadi Board to develop the country’s first Khadi mall.
Assam : India’s first oil Public Sector
The Numaligarh Refinery Ltd in Assam has become the 1st oil public sector undertaking to adopt an online legal compliance system by introducing ‘Legatrix’. The cloud-based compliance management system ‘Legatrix’ is a one-stop solution for effectively managing the organisation’s legal & regulatory compliances.
Madhya Pradesh: power bill waiver scheme ‘Sambal’
The purpose of the scheme is to make sure that all the households have power facility in the state. One crore 83 lakh workers registered under Sambal Yojana in the state till now. Under this scheme, outstanding electricity bill worth five thousand 179 crores rupees is to be waived off.
Major General Vikram Dogra: Ironman competition
India’s first-ever state-of-the-art e-waste recycling
India’s first-ever state-of-the-art e-waste recycling unit will come up in Bengaluru, which produces an estimated one lakh tonne of electronic waste a year. The Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), a research institute that comes under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, will set up the unit in the next four months.
Delhi: Happiness Curriculum in school
“Pandharichi Wari” is the most important pilgrimage of Maharashtra. It is more than 700 years old tradition in which devotees of Lord Vitthala called Varkari trace the route to Pandharpur.
1st-ever transgender woman to be crowned Miss Universe Spain
Angela Ponce from Seville has created by becoming the first-ever transgender woman to be crowned Miss Universe Spain, after beating 22 contestants. She will representing her country at the 67th Miss Universe 2018 pageant in Philippines in December 2018.
India’s first Global Mobility Summit
The six themes for the summit are: Asset Utilization and Service, Comprehensive Electrification, Alternative Energy, Reinventing Public Transit, Logistics and Goods Transport, and Data Analytics and Mobility.
July 2: World Sports Journalists Day (WSJD)
To mark the services of sports journalists for the promotion of sports. This day has been earmarked as the official day of celebration because of its significance as the date when the International Sports Press Association (ISPA) was established at the 1924 Paris Olympics.
Japan: world’s first all-digital art museum
Entire animal kingdom as legal entity
In a unique ruling, the Uttarakhand High Court has recently declared the “entire animal kingdom including avian and aquatic” as legal entities with a distinct persona and corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
1st central paramilitary force to opt for e-ticketing
The National Security Guard (NSG) will be the first central paramilitary force to opt for e-ticketing instead of the railway warrant under an agreement signed with the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).
India’s most potent missile Agni-V to be inducted soon
Hubert Cecil Booth: invented 1st powered vacuum cleaners
‘Flying brain’ on its way to space station
Bacteria develop resistance without exposure to antibiotics
The IISER Pune team found E. coli coped better when exposure to complex, unpredictable environment continued for 100 days. The environment where bacteria such as E. coli thrive can be complex with different stresses being present at the same time and changing unpredictably at different time scales — daily or seasonal.
TN Bar Council gets its first transperson member
June: 23 International Widows’ Day (IWD)
To give special recognition to the situation of widows of all ages and across regions and cultures. The day is an opportunity for action towards achieving full rights and recognition for widows – too long invisible, uncounted and ignored.
Founder of South Korea’s spy agency. The spy agency is widely-known as the “perennial No. 2 man” in modern Korean politics. He also served as prime minister twice from 1971–1975 and from 1998–2000.
First edition of naval exercise 'Coordinated Patrol'
The naval forces of India and Bangladesh will conduct the joint patrol exercise “Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT)” in the Bay of Bengal. The purpose of the Lanba’s visit is to consolidate bilateral defence relations between India and Bangladesh and to explore new avenues for naval cooperation.
No Toilet, No Bride
Dharampal, the Sarpanch of Godikan village panchayat in Haryana, has passed a ‘No Toilet No Bride’ resolution to ensure the safety and well-being of its womenfolk. .Godikan panchayat has become the 1st panchayat in the country to marry off girls only to families who have a toilet in their house.
Deepika: won gold medal in the women’s recurve event
In Archery, Deepika Kumari clinched a gold medal in the women’s recurve event at stage three of World Cup in Salt Lake City.She defeated Michelle Kroppen of Germany 7-3. With the win, the four-time World Cup final silver medalist has automatically qualified for the Archery World Cup Final to be held in Samsun of Turkey later this year.
June 26:Day against Drug Abuse & Illicit Trafficking
To raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society. The theme for 2018 is: “Listen First – Listening to children and youth is the first step to help them grow healthy and safe”.
Pallavi Durua: India’s first Tribal Queen
Pallavi Durua, who belongs to Odisha’s Koraput district, has been crowned as the India’s first “Tribal Queen” at the Adi Rani Kalinga Tribal Queen competition held at Utkal Mandap.
Oxytocin: Government of India (GoI) has recently banned
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has restricted the manufacture of Oxytocin formulations for domestic use to public sector only from 1st July 2018.Bbanned the import of Oxytocin and its formulations. misuse is widespread in the dairy industry, where livestock are injected with oxytocin to make them release milk at a time convenient to farmers.
“Liquid Based Cytology (LBC)”
For screening cervical cancer, a new Liquid Based Cytology (LBC) technique 'Direct to Slide' has launched in Tamil Nadu. The LBC technique would help in detecting cervical cancer during the pre-cancerous stages.
Yousaf Saleem: 1st-ever visually impaired judge of Pakistan
Yousaf Saleem, who belongs to Lahore, has been sworn-in as the first-ever visually impaired judge of Pakistan. He was among 21 judges who took the oath to be sworn in as a civil judges on June 26, 2018. Yousaf is the son of a charted accountant and is visually impaired by birth.
June 26: International Day
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day in Support of Victims of Torture is observed every year on June 26 to speak out against the crime of torture and to honor and support victims and survivors throughout the world.
June 29: Statistics Day
The 12th National Statistics Day (NSD-2018) is celebrated on June 29 at the National level in India with theme “Quality Assurance in Official Statistics” to create public awareness about the importance of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation, and to acknowledge the contribution of Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.
Gujrat:topped the 1st Delta ranking released in June 2018
Gujarat’s Dahod district topped the first Delta ranking released today by NITI Aayog that captures incremental improvements of Aspirational districts on health, education and other development parameters.
27 June: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day
United Nations has designated June 27 as Micro-, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day through its resolution 71/279. The first such day was observed in 2017 while 2nd UN Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day has been celebrated on June 27, 2018.
Mahalanobis distance, Feldman–Mahalanobis model
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian scientist and applied statistician. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure, and for being one of the members of the first Planning Commission of free India. He made pioneering studies in anthropometry in India.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: modern day binary system
He was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosoph. His most notable accomplishment was conceiving the grand ideas of differential and integral calculus independently and simultaneously with Isaac Newton's similar conceptions.